Background Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by diffuse inflammation of the mucosa of the colon. Up to now, diverse observational studies have implicated a wide variety of pathogenic microorganisms as causal and exacerbating factors in UC. Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection has been associated with recurrence and treatment failure and its incidence in patients with UC has been on the rise in the last few years. Aims To determine the frequency of infection by different microorganisms in Mexican UC patients. Patients and methods A total of 150 patients with definitive UC diagnosis were studied. All the stool tests for parasites and ova, stool cultures, tests for the C. difficile toxins A and B, and immunohistochemistry for Cytomegalovirus in colon segment biopsies were analyzed. Other demographic and clinical variables of the disease were recorded for their correlation with infection frequency. Results Infection frequency in UC patients was 28.00%. C. difficile infection was present in 0.013%. Other pathogens were found, such as Endolimax nana (9.00%), Entamoeba histolytica (3.00%), Cytomegalovirus (2.00%), Salmonella (2.00%), Shigella (0.70%), Toxoplasma gondii (0.70%) and Iodamoeba bütschlii (0.70%). Conclusions Infection frequency was 28.00% in our study and C. difficile infection represented only 0.013%.
Yamamoto-Furusho, J. K., de León-Rendón, J. L., & Rodas, L. (2012). Frecuencia de infecciones en pacientes con colitis ulcerosa crónica idiopática. Revista de Gastroenterologia de Mexico, 77(4), 186–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rgmx.2012.07.042