A frequency dependent embrittling effect of high pressure hydrogen in a 17-4 PH martensitic stainless steel

  • Sezgin J
  • Yamabe J
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Abstract

© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018. The effects of hydrogen on tensile and fatigue-life properties of 17-4PH H1150 steel have been investigated by using a smooth, round-bar specimen for tensile tests and circumferentially-notched specimen for fatigue-life tests. The specimens were precharged by an exposure to 35-100 MPa hydrogen gas at 270°C for 200 h. For the 100 MPa hydrogen exposure, the steel showed a significant degradation in ductility loss, translated by a relative reduction in area, RRA, of 0.31. The fatigue-life test of the present notch specimen (stress concentration factor of 6.6) reflects the fatigue crack growth (FCG) for long cracks. The fatigue limit of the non-charged and H-charged notched specimens, defined by the threshold of non-propagation for long cracks, was not affected by hydrogen. At a higher stress amplitude, the H-charged specimen showed a significant FCG acceleration ratio compared to the non-charged specimen. Although, an upper bound of the FCG acceleration seemed to exist, this ratio was approximately 100. The fracture surface of the H-charged specimen was covered with quasi-cleavage (QC) at a lower stress amplitude and with a mixture of QC and intergranular (IG) facets at higher stress amplitudes. It has been suggested that a cycle-dependent crack growth accompanied by QC occurs at a lower stress amplitude, whereas a mixture of cycle-dependent crack growth (accompanied by QC) and time-dependent crack growth (accompanied by IG) occurs otherwise. This mixture justifies the 100 times FCG acceleration ratio in spite of the existence of the upper bound.

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Sezgin, J.-G., & Yamabe, J. (2018). A frequency dependent embrittling effect of high pressure hydrogen in a 17-4 PH martensitic stainless steel. MATEC Web of Conferences, 165, 03005. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201816503005

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