Functional diagnosis of coronary stenosis using tissue tracking provides best sensitivity and specificity for left circumflex disease: Experience from the MYDISE (myocardial Doppler in stress echocardiography) study

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Abstract

Aims. To evaluate the diagnostic capacity of quantitative analysis of segmental longitudinal myocardial displacement images (tissue tracking, TT) during dobutamine stress echocardiography for the detection of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and results. TT-generated colour-coded maps of systolic segmental longitudinal displacement were obtained by post-processing of echocardiographic data from 105 patients with CAD and 90 low risk individuals selected from MYDISE database. Quantitative analysis of the distribution pattern of segmental displacement during dobutamine stress was most successful when a ratio of basal (high amplitude) to apical (low amplitude) colour-coded displacement bands (B/A ratio) was employed. Applied in four different left ventricular sectors, the B/A ratio provided a significant discrimination of patients with CAD (p < 0.05 in the anterior and p < 0.001 in the inferior wall) as assessed by receiver operating characteristic analysis. The procedure was most sensitive when applied in inferior wall for the detection of left circumflex coronary artery disease, the B/A ratio of 0.8 giving the best combination of sensitivity (77 ± 8%) and specificity (77 ± 5%) values. Conclusion. Quantification of dobutamine stress echocardiography using TT is an efficient diagnostic approach and a valuable additional modality in functional cardiac imaging for the initial identification of patients suspected for CAD. © 2004 The European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Saha, S., Nowak, J., Storaa, C., Mädler, C. F., Fraser, A., Roumina, S., … Brodin, L. Å. (2005). Functional diagnosis of coronary stenosis using tissue tracking provides best sensitivity and specificity for left circumflex disease: Experience from the MYDISE (myocardial Doppler in stress echocardiography) study. European Journal of Echocardiography, 6(1), 54–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euje.2004.07.003

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