Obesity is associated with a low-grade systemic chronic inflammatory state, characterized by the abnormal production of pro- and anti-inflammatory adipocytokines. It has been found that immune cells such as macrophages can infiltrate adipose tissue and are responsible for the majority of inflammatory cytokine production. Obesity-induced inflammation is considered a potential mechanism linking obesity to its related pathologies, such as insulin resistance, cardiovascular diseases, type-2 diabetes, and some immune disorders. Therefore, targeting obesity-related inflammatory components may be a useful strategy to prevent or ameliorate the development of such obesity-related diseases. It has been shown that several food components can modulate inflammatory responses in adipose tissue via various mechanisms, some of which are dependent on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR ), whereas others are independent on PPAR , by attenuating signals of nuclear factor- B (NF- B) and/or c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK). In this review, we introduce the beneficial effects of anti-inflammatory phytochemicals that can help prevent obesity-induced inflammatory responses and pathologies. Copyright © 2010 Shizuka Hirai et al.
Hirai, S., Takahashi, N., Goto, T., Lin, S., Uemura, T., Yu, R., & Kawada, T. (2010). Functional food targeting the regulation of obesity-induced inflammatory responses and pathologies. Mediators of Inflammation. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/367838