Recent advances in object-oriented, client/server technologies, and the Internet are supplying the technology enablers needed to provide a uniform information architecture that can be used to build software architecture allowing the inter-operation and integration of a wide set of diverse applications. Moreover the emerging standards start playing a significant role in the shaping of automation architectures in enterprises. The inclusion within a classical control system of Internet-related technologies and open distributed application concepts would give the present system compliance with current and future technological trends. At the present time, in the field of the industrial automation, real-time embedded control systems more and more need Internet connectivity for operations of remote plant administration, training, and supervisory activities. In this paper the state of the art in embedded control systems is presented within the field of industrial automation applications, and the technological scenario is discussed, followed by the trend for the evolution in process control systems. Guidelines for the design of innovative, thus competitive control systems are suggested. A case study is presented, outcome of an EC project in which one of the authors is involved, where a remote maintenance system is realized.
Coccoli, M., & Boccalatte, A. (2002). Future directions of internet-based control systems. Journal of Computing and Information Technology, 10(2), 115–124. https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.2002.02.05