In this paper, we shall integrate some ideas in terms of concepts in topology. First, we introduce some new concepts of rough membership relations and functions in the generalized covering approximation space. Second, we introduce some topological applications namely “near concepts” in the generalized covering approximation space. Accordingly, several types of fuzzy sets are constructed. The basic notions of near approximations are introduced and sufficiently illustrated. Near concepts are provided to be easy tools to classify the sets and to help for measuring exactness and roughness of sets. Many proved results, examples and counter examples are provided. Finally, we give two practical examples to illustrate our approaches.
Abd El-Monsef, M. E., Kozae, A. M., & El-Bably, M. K. (2016). Generalized covering approximation space and near concepts with some applications. Applied Computing and Informatics, 12(1), 51–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aci.2015.02.001