A previous study indicated that Rheb1 is required for mammalian target of TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling in the brain. However, the function of Rheb1 in the heart is still elusive. In the present study, we deleted Rheb1 specifically in cardiomyocytes and found that reduced Rheb1 levels conferred cardioprotection against pathologic remodeling in myocardial infarction (MI) and pressure overload (transverse aortic constriction) mouse models. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was reduced and mTORC1 activity was suppressed in cardiomyocyte Rheb1-deletion mice, suggesting that Rheb1 regulates mTORC1 activation in myocardium. Furthermore, we demonstrated that astragaloside IV (As-IV) could inhibit mTORC1, and As-IV treatment displayed similar protection against MI and transverse aortic constriction as Rheb1 genetic inhibition. This study indicates that Rheb1 is essential for mTORC1 activation in cardiomyocytes and suggests that targeting Rheb1-mTORC1 signaling, such as by As-IV treatment, may be an effective therapeutic method for treating patients with adverse cardiac remodeling after MI and hypertrophy. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Investigative Pathology.
Wu, X., Cao, Y., Nie, J., Liu, H., Lu, S., Hu, X., … Li, X. (2013). Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of Rheb1-mTORC1 signaling exerts cardioprotection against adverse cardiac remodeling in mice. American Journal of Pathology, 182(6), 2005–2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2013.02.012