Genome sequence of the edible cultivated mushroom Lentinula edodes (shiitake) reveals insights into lignocellulose degradation

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Abstract

Lentinula edodes, one of the most popular, edible mushroomspecies with a high content of proteins and polysaccharides as well as unique aroma, is widely cultivated in many Asian countries, especially in China, Japan and Korea. As a white rot fungus with lignocellulose degradation ability, L. edodes has the potential for application in the utilization of agriculture straw resources. Here, we report its 41.8-Mb genome, encoding 14,889 predicted genes. Through a phylogenetic analysis withmodel species of fungi, the evolutionary divergence time of L. edodes and Gymnopus luxurians was estimated to be 39 MYA. The carbohy- drate-active enzyme genes in L. edodes were compared with those of the other 25 fungal species, and 101 lignocellulolytic enzymes were identified in L. edodes, similar to other white rot fungi. Transcriptome analysis showed that the expression of genes encoding two cellulases and 16 transcription factor was up-regulated when mycelia were cultivated for 120 minutes in cellulose medium versus glucose medium. Our results will foster a better understanding of themolecular mechanism of lignocellulose degradation and provide the basis for partial replacement of wood sawdust with agricultural wastes in L. edodes cultivation.

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Chen, L., Gong, Y., Cai, Y., Liu, W., Zhou, Y., Xiao, Y., … Bian, Y. (2016). Genome sequence of the edible cultivated mushroom Lentinula edodes (shiitake) reveals insights into lignocellulose degradation. PLoS ONE, 11(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160336

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