In recent years, there has been accumulating evidence that microRNAs are key regulator molecules of gene expression. The cellular processes that are regulated by microRNAs include e.g. cell proliferation, programmed cell death and cell differentiation. Adipocyte differentiation is a highly regulated cellular process for which several important regulating factors have been discovered, but still not all are known to fully understand the underlying mechanisms. In the present study, we analyzed the expression of 597 microRNAs during the differentiation of mouse mesenchymal stem cells into terminally differentiated adipocytes by real-time RT-PCR. In total, 66 miRNAs were differentially expressed in mesenchymal stem cell-derived adipocytes compared to the undifferentiated progenitor cells. To further study the regulation of these 66 miRNAs in white adipose tissue in vivo and their dependence on PPARγ activity, mouse models of genetically or diet induced obesity as well as a mouse line expressing a dominant negative PPARγ mutant were employed. © 2011 Bengestrate et al.
Bengestrate, L., Virtue, S., Campbell, M., Vidal-Puig, A., Hadaschik, D., Hahn, P., & Bielke, W. (2011). Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs in Adipose Mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and mouse models of obesity. PLoS ONE, 6(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021305