This study analyzes the reliability and validity of obesogenic built environments related to physical activity and chronic noncommunicable diseases through Google Maps in a heterogeneous urban area (i.e., residential and commercial, very poor and very rich) in Sao Paulo (SP), Brazil. There are no important differences when comparing virtual measures with street audit. Based on Kappa statistic, respectively for validity and reliability, 78% and 80% of outcomes were classified as nearly perfect agreement or substantial agreement. Virtual measures of geoprocessing via Google Maps provided high validity and reliability for assessing built environments.
Silva, V., Grande, A., Rech, C., & Peccin, M. (2015). Geoprocessing via Google Maps for Assessing Obesogenic Built Environments Related to Physical Activity and Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases: Validity and Reliability. Journal of Healthcare Engineering, 6(1), 41–54. https://doi.org/10.1260/2040-2222.214.171.124