Glycoprotein lysosomal storage disorders: α- and β-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency

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Abstract

Glycoproteinoses belong to the lysosomal storage disorders group. The common feature of these diseases is the deficiency of a lysosomal protein that is part of glycan catabolism. Most of the lysosomal enzymes involved in the hydrolysis of glycoprotein carbohydrate chains are exo-glycosidases, which stepwise remove terminal monosaccharides. Thus, the deficiency of a single enzyme causes the blockage of the entire pathway and induces a storage of incompletely degraded substances inside the lysosome. Different mutations may be observed in a single disease and in all cases account for the non-expression of lysosomal glycosidase activity. Different clinical phenotypes generally characterize a specific disorder, which rather must be described as a continuum in severity, suggesting that other biochemical or environmental factors influence the course of the disease. This review provides details on clinical features, genotype-phenotype correlations, enzymology and biochemical storage of four human glycoprotein lysosomal storage disorders, respectively α- and β-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency. Moreover, several animal disorders of glycoprotein metabolism have been found and constitute valuable models for the understanding of their human counterparts. Copyright (C) 1999.

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Michalski, J. C., & Klein, A. (1999, October 8). Glycoprotein lysosomal storage disorders: α- and β-mannosidosis, fucosidosis and α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4439(99)00077-0

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