Growth morphology and mechanism of MC carbide under quasi-rapid solidification conditions

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Abstract

The carbide of group IVB and group VB elements, i.e. MC carbide, is an important constitution and strengthening phase for many alloy tool steels and cast nickel-base superalloys. Since the as-solidified growth morphology, size and distribution have an important influence on both the mechanical properties and hot workability, research on the solidification behavior of MC carbide is an important subject for cast superalloys and many high alloy tool steels. The growth morphology and mechanisms of MC carbide, under slow-cooling and rapid solidification conditions, has been studied intensively as functions of the solidification cooling rate. The solidification behavior of MC carbide under quasi-rapid solidification conditions has not been reported in open literature. In this paper, the growth morphology and mechanism of an MC carbide (TiC type) under quasi-rapid solidification conditions is studied in a laser surface alloyed coating on a titanium aluminide alloy Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb (at.%). The growth morphology of the quasi-rapidly solidified MC carbide with a cooling rate of 4 × 102°C is found to be dendritic with strong faceted, double zigzag brick-stacking growth characteristics on the dendrite arms. The growth mechanism of the MC carbide is found to be a brick-stacking/double zigzag micro-branching lateral growth from steps on the intersecting {111} planes. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Wang, H. M., Yu, L. G., Li, X. X., & Jiang, P. (2001). Growth morphology and mechanism of MC carbide under quasi-rapid solidification conditions. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 2(1), 173–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1468-6996(01)00044-4

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