Four field trials were conducted during the years 2006 and 2007 at Owo, the forest- savanna transition zone in southwest Nigeria, to study the effect of poultry manure (PM), NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer + poultry manure on the growth and yield of tomato. Seven treatments were applied to the soil: 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 t ha-1 poultry manure , 300 kg ha-1 NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer and 150 kg ha-1 NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer + 10 t ha-1 poultry manure. These were laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated three times. The treatments were compared on the basis of their effect on soil chemical properties, leaf nutrient content, growth and yield of tomato. All levels of poultry manure and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer + poultry manure increased leaf N, P, K, Ca and Mg levels. The soil chemical properties except pH increased with amount of poultry manure. NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer alone did not increase the soil and leaf Ca and Mg. All levels of poultry manure, NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer alone and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer + poultry manure increased the number of leaves, plant height, leaf area, number of fruits and fruit weight significantly. Among poultry manure levels, 30 t ha-1 poultry manure gave the highest fruit yield. Among the seven treatments, NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer + poultry manure gave the highest yield. On an average over the two years, 10, 20, 30, 40 t ha-1 poultry manure, 300 kg ha-1 NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer alone and 150 kg ha-1 NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer + 10 t ha-1 poultry manure treatments increased fruit weight by 19, 36, 51, 14, 20 and 83%, respectively. Results revealed that poultry manure is a suitable source of nutrients for tomato especially if applied at 30 t ha-1 in the forest-savanna transition zone of southwest Nigeria. The combined use of NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer and poultry manure increased tomato yield compared to the application of NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer or poultry manure alone and is therefore recommended for sustainable productivity. In addition, lesser quantities of poultry manure and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer would be required, therefore, reducing the amount of money spent on chemical fertilizer.
Adekiya, A. O., & Agbede, T. M. (2009). Growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) as influenced by poultry manure and NPK fertilizer. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 21(1), 10–20. https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.v21i1.5154