Hydrolysis of GTP, bound to members of the G-protein superfamily, terminates their downstream signaling activity. A conserved glutamine serves a critical role in this pivotal guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) reaction. However, the role of the catalytic glutamine in GTP hydrolysis is still not well understood. We have employed substrate-assisted catalysis to probe the catalytic mechanism of Gsα using GTP analogues. These GTP analogues, each having different functional groups, were designed to support or refute particular putative GTPase mechanisms. We have found that a hydrogen donor group, in close proximity to the γ-phosphate of GTP, is necessary and sufficient to substitute for the function of the catalytic glutamine in the GTPase reaction. © 1998 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Zor, T., Andorn, R., Sofer, I., Chorev, M., & Selinger, Z. (1998). GTP analogue hydrolysis by the Gs protein: Implication for the role of catalytic glutamine in the GTPase reaction. FEBS Letters, 433(3), 326–330. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(98)00930-2