Background: In the brain, the enzyme catalase by reacting with H 2O 2 forms Compound I (catalase-H 2O 2 system), which is the main system of central ethanol metabolism to acetaldehyde. Previous research has demonstrated that acetaldehyde derived from central-ethanol metabolism mediates some of the psychopharmacological effects produced by ethanol. Manipulations that modulate central catalase activity or sequester acetaldehyde after ethanol administration modify the stimulant effects induced by ethanol in mice. However, the role of H 2O 2 in the behavioral effects caused by ethanol has not been clearly addressed. The present study investigated the effects of ebselen, an H 2O 2 scavenger, on ethanol-induced locomotion. Methods: Swiss RjOrl mice were pre-treated with ebselen (0-50mg/kg) intraperitoneally (IP) prior to administration of ethanol (0-3.75g/kg; IP). In another experiment, animals were pre-treated with ebselen (0 or 25mg/kg; IP) before caffeine (15mg/kg; IP), amphetamine (2mg/kg; IP) or cocaine (10mg/kg; IP) administration. Following these treatments, animals were placed in an open field to measure their locomotor activity. Additionally, we evaluated the effect of ebselen on the H 2O 2-mediated inactivation of brain catalase activity by 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (AT). Results: Ebselen selectively prevented ethanol-induced locomotor stimulation without altering the baseline activity or the locomotor stimulating effects caused by caffeine, amphetamine and cocaine. Ebselen reduced the ability of AT to inhibit brain catalase activity. Conclusions: Taken together, these data suggest that a decline in H 2O 2 levels might result in a reduction of the ethanol locomotor-stimulating effects, indicating a possible role for H 2O 2 in some of the psychopharmacological effects produced by ethanol. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Ledesma, J. C., Font, L., & Aragon, C. M. G. (2012). The H 2O 2 scavenger ebselen decreases ethanol-induced locomotor stimulation in mice. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 124(1–2), 42–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.12.003