© 2016 Tomaschek et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. To compare the two Acinetobacter baumannii multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) schemes and to assess their suitability to aid in outbreak analysis we investigated the molecular epidemiology of 99 Acinetobacter baumannii isolates representing outbreakrelated and sporadic isolates from 24 hospitals in four different countries (Germany, Poland, Sweden, and Turkey). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used as the reference method to determine the epidemiologic relatedness of isolates and compared to MLST using both the Oxford and Pasteur scheme. Rep-PCR was used to define international clonal lineages (IC). We identified 26 unique outbreak strains and 21 sporadic strains. The majority of outbreaks were associated with carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii harbouring oxacillinase OXA-23-like and corresponding to IC 2. Sequence types (STs) obtained from the Oxford scheme correlate well with PFGE patterns, while the STs of the Pasteur scheme are more in accordance with rep-PCR grouping, but neither one is mirroring completely the results of the comparator. On two occasions the Oxford scheme identified two different STs within a single outbreak where PFGE patterns had only one band difference. The CCs of both MLST schemes were able to define clonal clusters that were concordant with the ICs determined by rep-PCR. IC4 corresponds to the previously described CC15 Pasteur (= CC103 Oxford). It can be concluded that both MLST schemes are valuable tools for population- based studies. In addition, the higher discriminatory power of the Oxford scheme that compares with the resolution obtained with PFGE can often aid in outbreak analysis.
Tomaschek, F., Higgins, P. G., Stefanik, D., Wisplinghoff, H., & Seifert, H. (2016). Head-to-Head Comparison of Two Multi-Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) Schemes for Characterization of Acinetobacter baumannii Outbreak and Sporadic Isolates. PLoS ONE, 11(4). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153014