The study examined health conditions among an aging cohort of male narcotics addicts. This prospective cohort study (1964-1998) included interviews and medical testing for 108 surviving subjects who had been admitted to the California Civil Addict Program during the years 1962 through 1964. Medical testing results were: 51.9% had high blood pressure, 22.4% showed hyperlipidemia, 13.3% had elevated levels of blood glucose, 33.6% had abnormal pulmonary function, half of the sample had abnormal liver function, and 94.2% tested positive for hepatitis C, 85.6% for hepatitis B, 3.8% for syphilis, and 27.3% for TB. The study empirically demonstrated poor health conditions and high morbidity among surviving narcotics addicts. © 2004 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Hser, Y. I., Gelberg, L., Hoffman, V., Grella, C. E., McCarthy, W., & Anglin, M. D. (2004). Health conditions among aging narcotics addicts: Medical examination results. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 27(6), 607–622. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-004-0005-x