Healthcare professionals' perceived problems in fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty: Results of a qualitative interview study

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Abstract

Background: Fast-track and outpatient arthroplasty methodologies combine evidence-based clinical features with organizational optimization resulting in a streamlined pathway from admission to discharge and beyond. This qualitative study explored perceived problems of healthcare professionals during fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four surgeons, two anesthesiologists, ten nurses, and four physiotherapists. An inductive content analysis was used to analyze the data. NVivo qualitative data analysis software was used. Results: Analysis of the data revealed eight main categories of problems: patient selection, referrals, meeting the Health Care Guarantee, patient flow, homecare, patient counseling, transparency of the journey, and receiving feedback. In addition, problems related to information flows and communication, responsibilities between different stakeholders, and existing information systems were identified. Conclusions: The study revealed that healthcare professionals perceived several problems during the fast-track journey that reduce its effectiveness and make it more difficult to meet the Health Care Guarantee. Problems could be alleviated by changing internal and external organizational practices, as well as by developing new information and communication technologies that would provide up-to-date communication channels for healthcare professionals and patients. In addition, new collaboration mechanisms should be developed in order to solve the problems that occur across different organizations.

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Jansson, M. M., Harjumaa, M., Puhto, A. P., & Pikkarainen, M. (2019). Healthcare professionals’ perceived problems in fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty: Results of a qualitative interview study. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1334-3

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