Helicobacter pylori infection in elderly dyspeptic patients

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Abstract

PURPOSES: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a chronic gastric Gram-negative infection that increases with age. Acquired in childhood, H. pylori infection may induce a whole cascade of events leading to gastric pathologies such as peptic ulcer diseases, gastric precancerous lesions, and gastric lymphomas (MALT). The characteristics of the diagnosis and the treatment of this infection in geriatrics are thus particularly important to take into account. MAIN POINTS: 1) The incidence of gastric and duodenal ulcers and their bleeding complications is increasing in old-aged populations. Clinical signs such as anorexia and malnutrition are proven to be excellent indications for endoscopic explorations in the elderly. NSAID-use and H. pylori infection were shown to be independent and unrelated risk factors for peptic ulcer and gastroduodenal bleeding in elderly subjects; 2) H. pylori infection diagnosis is difficult to realize in the very old population, and the urea breath test is the test which obtain the best performances in this population. PERSPECTIVES: Recent work showed the part played by H. pylori chronic infection in gastric aging and in appetite regulation in the elderly. Research tasks should be continued in this field in order to better understand the part played by this chronic infection in gastric aging and in other pathologies (i.e. neurological or cardiovascular diseases) in this population.

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O’riordan, T. G., Tobin, A., & Ó’moráin, C. (1991). Helicobacter pylori infection in elderly dyspeptic patients. Age and Ageing, 20(3), 189–192. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/20.3.189

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