Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP) is a key mediator of obesity-related metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between A-FABP concentration and MetS in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 165 type 2 DM volunteers. MetS and its components were defined using diagnostic criteria from the International Diabetes Federation. Among 165 DM patients, 113 patients (68.5%) had MetS. Diabetic persons who had MetS had significantly higher A-FABP levels ( P<0.001 ) than those without MetS. Female DM persons had higher A-FABP level than man ( P<0.001 ). No statistically significant differences in A-FABP levels were found in use of statin, fibrate, or antidiabetic drugs. Multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that body fat mass ( P<0.001 ), logarithmically transformed creatinine (log-creatinine; P<0.001 ), female DM patients ( P<0.001 ), and logarithmically transformed high sensitive C-reactive protein (log-hs-CRP; P=0.013 ) were positively correlated, while albumin ( P=0.004 ) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR; P=0.043 ) were negatively correlated with serum A-FABP levels in type 2 DM patients. In this study, higher serum A-FABP level was positively associated with MetS in type 2 DM patients.
Li, J.-C., Wu, D.-A., Hou, J.-S., Subeq, Y.-M., Chen, H.-D., & Hsu, B.-G. (2016). High Serum Adipocyte Fatty Acid Binding Protein Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2016, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/8380279