This paper presents a new, high-performance silicon-on-insulator (SOI) MEMS gyroscope with decoupled oscillation modes. The gyroscope structure allows it to achieve matched-resonance-frequencies, large drive-mode oscillation amplitude, high sense-mode quality factor, and low mechanical cross-talk. The gyroscope is fabricated through the commercially available SOIMUMPS process of MEMSCAP Inc. The fabricated gyroscope has minimum capacitive sense gaps of 2.6 μm and a structural silicon thickness of 25 μm, and it fits into a chip area smaller than 3 mm × 3 mm. The fabricated gyroscope is hybrid connected to a CMOS capacitive interface ASIC chip, which is fabricated in a standard 0.6 μm CMOS process. The characterization of the hybrid-connected gyroscope demonstrates a low measured noise-equivalent rate of 90°/h/Hz1/2 at atmospheric pressure, eliminating the need for a vacuum package for a number of applications. R2-non-linearity of the gyroscope is measured to be better than 0.02%. The gyroscope has a low quadrature signal of 70°/s and a short-term bias stability of 1.5°/s. The angular rate sensitivity of the gyroscope is 100 μV/(°/s) at atmospheric pressure, which improves 24 times to 2.4 mV/(°/s) at vacuum. The noise-equivalent rate of the gyroscope at 20 mTorr vacuum is measured to be 35°/h/Hz1/2, which can be improved further by reducing the electromechanical noise. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Alper, S. E., Azgin, K., & Akin, T. (2007). A high-performance silicon-on-insulator MEMS gyroscope operating at atmospheric pressure. Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical, 135(1), 34–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2006.06.043