D8/17, a B cell alloantigen, and its occurrence with DR/DQ antigens was examined in 54 patients with rheumatic heart disease and matched North Indian controls. Thirty-four patients (62.9%) carried D8/17 as compared with a frequency of 12.5% in controls (χ 2 by Yates', 18.75; p < 0.0001). A marginally increased frequency of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR3 (44.2% vs. 28.8%) and a significantly reduced frequency of HLA-DR2 (21.1% vs. 46.6%; p < 0.005) was observed in patients as compared with controls. However, the most significant positive association was observed with HLA-DQw2 (63.4% in patients and 31.5% in controls; χ 2 by Yates', 9.85; p < 0.005). The DQw2 association was significant only in the D8/17-positive patients. These observations suggest that the disease susceptibility gene in rheumatic heart disease may be nearer to the HLA-DQ locus than to the HLA-DR.
Taneja, V., Mehra, N. K., Reddy, K. S., Narula, J., Tandon, R., Vaidya, M. C., & Bhatia, M. L. (1989). HLA-DR/DQ antigens and reactivity to B cell alloantigen D8/17 in Indian patients with rheumatic heart disease. Circulation, 80(2), 335–340. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.80.2.335