Pediatric cancer is rare when compared to the incidence of cases in adults. In Brazil it is the second largest cause of death by disease in children and adolescents. Cancer is a life-altering disease that brings with it fear, disbelief, anger, uncertainty, devastation, at the time it is diagnosed. In childhood cancer, diagnosis extends to the whole family. The diagnosis brings psychological and social changes in family dynamics and needs emotional support, discussion of possible therapies and possible death. Hope comes, bringing with it a meaning in illness, contributing positively to a better adaptation and adherence to treatment and consequently the quality and the prospect of life. Hope has been shown as a positive factor when facing this new reality. However there are few studies dealing with this issue.
Freire, Á. M., Braga, H. A., Braga, A. A., & Neto, M. L. R. (2015). Hope and pediatric cancer. International Archives of Medicine, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.3823/1660