A human gene encoding morphine modulating peptides related to NPFF and FMRFamide

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FMRFamide-related peptides have been isolated from both invertebrates and vertebrates and exhibit a wide range of biological effects in rats. We show here that in humans 2 FMRFamide-related peptides are encoded by a single gene expressed as a spliced mRNA. The larger predicted peptide (AGEGLNSQFWSLAAPQRFamide) differs from the peptide isolated from bovines (AGEGLSSPFWSLAAPQRFamide) by the substitutions of 2 amino acids. The shorter predicted peptide NPSF, SQAFLFQPQRFamide) is 3 amino acids longer than the bovine 8 amino-acid NPFF (FLFQPQRFamide) or the human NPFF peptide isolated from serum [5] suggesting that the encoded protein is subject to cleavage by a tripeptidyl peptidase or by a novel processing mechanism. On rat spinal cord, the larger peptide is indistinguishable in activity from the equivalent bovine peptide whereas the smaller extended peptide is inactive.




Perry, S. J., Huang, E. Y. K., Cronk, D., Bagust, J., Sharma, R., Walker, R. J., … Burke, J. F. (1997). A human gene encoding morphine modulating peptides related to NPFF and FMRFamide. FEBS Letters, 409(3), 426–430. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(97)00557-7

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