Dendritic localization of mRNA/RNA involves interaction of cis-elements and trans-factors. Small, non-protein coding dendritic BC1 RNA is thought to regulate translation in dendritic microdomains. Following microinjections into cultured cells, BC1 RNA fused to larger mRNAs appeared to impart transport competence to these chimeras, and its 5′ ID region was proposed as the cis-acting dendritic targeting element. As these ID elements move around rodent genomes and, if transcribed, form a long RNA stem-loop, they might, thereby, lead to new localizations for targeted gene products. To test their targeting ability in vivo we created transgenic mice expressing various ID elements fused to the 3′ UTR of reporter mRNA for Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein. In vivo, neither ID elements nor the BC1 RNA coding region were capable of transporting EGFP RNA to dendrites, although the 3′ UTR of α-CaMKII mRNA, an established cis-acting element did produce positive results. Other mRNAs containing naturally inserted ID elements are also not found in neuronal dendrites. We conclude that the 5′ ID domain from BC1 RNA is not a sufficient dendritic targeting element for mRNAs in vivo. © 2007 Khanam et al.
Khanam, T., Raabe, C. A., Kiefmann, M., Handel, S., Skryabin, B. V., & Brosius, J. (2007). Can ID repetitive elements serve as cis-acting dendritic targeting elements? An in vivo study. PLoS ONE, 2(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000961