Identification of differentially expressed genes in breast muscle and skin fat of postnatal pekin duck

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Abstract

© 2014 Xu et al. Lean-type Pekin duck is a commercial breed that has been obtained through long-term selection. Investigation of the differentially expressed genes in breast muscle and skin fat at different developmental stages will contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the potential mechanisms underlying the lean-type Pekin duck phenotype. In the present study, RNA-seq was performed on breast muscle and skin fat at 2-, 4-and 6-weeks of age. More than 89% of the annotated duck genes were covered by our RNA-seq dataset. Thousands of differentially expressed genes, including many important genes involved in the regulation of muscle development and fat deposition, were detected through comparison of the expression levels in the muscle and skin fat of the same time point, or the same tissue at different time points. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes cluster ed significantly in many muscle development and fat deposition related pathways such as MAPK signaling pathway, PPAR signaling pathway, Calcium signaling pathway, Fat digestion and absorption, and TGF-beta signaling pathway. The results presented here could provide a basis for further investigation of the mechanisms involved in muscle development and fat deposition in Pekin duck.

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Xu, T., Gu, L., Schachtschneider, K. M., Liu, X., Huang, W., Xie, M., & Hou, S. (2014). Identification of differentially expressed genes in breast muscle and skin fat of postnatal pekin duck. PLoS ONE, 9(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107574

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