Background: Carcinogenesis is a multi-step process indicated by several genes up- or down-regulated during tumor progression. This study examined and identified differentially expressed genes in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Results: Three different biopsies of 5 immunosuppressed organ-transplanted recipients each normal skin (all were pooled), actinic keratosis (AK) (two were pooled), and invasive SCC and additionally 5 normal skin tissues from immunocompetent patients were analyzed. Thus, total RNA of 15 specimens were used for hybridization with Affymetrix HG-U133A microarray technology containing 22,283 genes. Data analyses were performed by prediction analysis of microarrays using nearest shrunken centroids with the threshold 3.5 and ANOVA analysis was independently performed in order to identify differentially expressed genes (p < 0.05). Verification of 13 up- or down-regulated genes was performed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and genes were additionally confirmed by sequencing. Broad coherent patterns in normal skin vs. AK and SCC were observed for 118 genes. Conclusion: The majority of identified differentially expressed genes in cutaneous SCC were previously not described. © 2006 Nindl et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Nindl, I., Dang, C., Forschner, T., Kuban, R. J., Meyer, T., Sterry, W., & Stockfleth, E. (2006). Identification of differentially expressed genes in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma by microarray expression profiling. Molecular Cancer, 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-4598-5-30