Identification of a major locus interacting with MC1R and modifying black coat color in an F 2 Nellore-Angus population

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Abstract

Background: In cattle, base color is assumed to depend on the enzymatic activity specified by the MC1R locus, i.e. the extension locus, with alleles coding for black (E D ), red (e), and wild-type (E). In most mammals, these alleles are presumed to follow the dominance model of E D > E + e, although exceptions are found. In Bos indicus x Bos taurus F2 cattle, some E D E + heterozygotes are discordant with the dominance series for MC1R and display various degrees of red pigmentation on an otherwise predicted black background. The objective of this study was to identify loci that modify black coat color in these individuals. Results: Reddening was classified with a subjective scoring system. Interval analyses identified chromosome-wide suggestive (P < 0.05) and significant (P < 0.01) QTL on bovine chromosomes (BTA) 4 and 5, although these were not confirmed using single-marker association or Bayesian methods. Evidence of a major locus (F = 114.61) that affects reddening was detected between 60 and 73 Mb on BTA 6 (Btau4.0 build), and at 72 Mb by single-marker association and Bayesian methods. The posterior mean of the genetic variance for this region accounted for 43.75% of the genetic variation in reddening. This region coincided with a cluster of tyrosine kinase receptor genes (PDGFRA, KIT and KDR). Fitting SNP haplotypes for a 1 Mb interval that contained all three genes and centered on KIT accounted for the majority of the variation attributed to this major locus, which suggests that one of these genes or associated regulatory elements, is responsible for the majority of variation in degree of reddening. Conclusions: Recombinants in a 5 Mb region surrounding the cluster of tyrosine kinase receptor genes implicated PDGFRA as the strongest positional candidate gene. A higher density marker panel and functional analyses will be required to validate the role of PDGFRA or other regulatory variants and their interaction with MC1R for the modification of black coat color in Bos indicus influenced cattle. © 2014 Hulsman Hanna et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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Hulsman Hanna, L. L., Sanders, J. O., Riley, D. G., Abbey, C. A., & Gill, C. A. (2014). Identification of a major locus interacting with MC1R and modifying black coat color in an F 2 Nellore-Angus population. Genetics Selection Evolution, 46(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1297-9686-46-4

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