Self-incompatibility (SI) is one of the important factors that can result in seedless fruit in Citrus. However, the molecular mechanism of SI in Citrus is not yet clear. In this study, two suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) libraries (forward, F and reverse, R) were constructed to isolate differentially expressed genes in pollen from "Wuzishatangju" (SI) and "Shatangju" (self-compatibility, SC) mandarins. Four hundred and sixty-eight differentially expressed cDNA clones from 2077 positive clones were sequenced and identified. Differentially expressed ESTs are possibly involved in the SI reaction of "Wuzishatangju" by regulating pollen development, kinase activity, ubiquitin pathway, pollen-pistil interaction, and calcium ion binding. Twenty five SI candidate genes were obtained, six of which displayed specific expression patterns in various organs and stages after self- and cross-pollination. The expression level of the F-box gene (H304) and S1 (F78) in the pollen of "Wuzishatangju" was 5-fold higher than that in "Shatangju" pollen. The F-box gene, S1, UBE2, UBE3, RNaseHII, and PCP were obviously up-regulated in pistils at 3 d after self-pollination of "Wuzishatangju", approximately 3-, 2-, 10-, 5-, 5-, and 2-fold higher, respectively than that at the same stage after cross-pollination of "Wuzishatangju" × "Shatangju" pistils. The potential involvement of these genes in the pollen SI reaction of "Wuzishatangju" is discussed.
Miao, H., Ye, Z., Teixeira da Silva, J. A., Qin, Y., & Hu, G. (2013). Identifying differentially expressed genes in pollen from self-incompatible “Wuzishatangju” and self-compatible “Shatangju” mandarins. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 14(4), 8538–8555. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms14048538