Impact of Additional Cytogenetic Abnormalities in Adults with Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

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Abstract

The occurrence of additional cytogenetic abnormalities (ACAs) is common in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) but is of unknown significance in the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era. We retrospectively analyzed data from a consecutive case series of adults with Ph+ ALL who had undergone allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) at City of Hope between 2003 and 2014. Among 130 adults with Ph+ ALL who had TKI therapy before alloHCT, 78 patients had available data on conventional cytogenetics at diagnosis and were eligible for outcomes analysis. ACAs were observed in 41 patients (53%). There were no statistically significant differences in median age, median initial WBC count, post-HCT TKI maintenance, or disease status at the time of transplant between the Ph-only and ACA cohorts; however, the Ph-only cohort had a higher rate of minimal residual disease positivity at the time of HCT. Three-year leukemia-free survival (79.8% versus 39.5%, P= .01) and 3-year overall survival (83% versus 45.6%, P= .02) were superior in the Ph-only cohort compared with the ACA cohort, respectively. Monosomy 7 was the most common additional aberration observed in our ACA cohort (n= 12). Thus, when TKI therapy and alloHCT are used as part of adult Ph+ ALL therapy, the presence of ACAs appears to have a significant deleterious effect on outcomes post-HCT.

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Aldoss, I., Stiller, T., Cao, T. M., Palmer, J. M., Thomas, S. H., Forman, S. J., & Pullarkat, V. (2015). Impact of Additional Cytogenetic Abnormalities in Adults with Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 21(7), 1326–1329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.03.021

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