The impact of consumption of ultra-processed foods on the nutritional status of adolescents

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Abstract

Because of its composition, ultra-processed foods can contribute to excess weight. The objective of the study was to verify the association between the consumption of ultra-processed foods and overweight in adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 617 adolescents. Sociodemographic, anthropometric and food consumption data were evaluated. Linear regression analyses were used to verify the association. Ultra-processed foods presented higher proportions of carbohydrates, lipids and saturated fat in relation to the total diet consumed. However, this food group had a lower proportion of proteins and fibers. Intake of ultra-processed foods was more frequent in females and being overweight was positively associated with the ingestion of ultra-processed foods. The high consumption of ultra-processed foods can contribute to weight gain. Therefore, the reduction of consumption of ultra-processed foods should be encouraged to improve eating habits.

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Larisse Monteles, N., Karoline Dos Santos, O., Gomes, K. R. O., Malvina Thais Pacheco, R., & Karoline de Macêdo Gonçalves, F. (2019). The impact of consumption of ultra-processed foods on the nutritional status of adolescents. Revista Chilena de Nutricion, 46(4), 429–435. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182019000400429

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