Impact of lactation stage on milk composition and blood biochemical and hematological parameters of dairy Baladi goats (Impacto de la etapa de lactancia en la composición de la leche y en los parámetros bioquímicos y hematológicos de las cabras lecheras Baladi)

  • El-Tarabany M
  • El-Tarabany A
  • Roushdy E
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to elucidate the impact of lactation stage on milk composition, hematological and biochemical parameters of dairy Baladi goats under Egyptian conditions. Forty-eight Baladi goats (32.8±2.9kg of BW) were enrolled in the current study. The lactation period has been divided into three stages; early (DIM less than 80days), Mid (DIM 80–140days), and Late (DIM over 140days). Baladi goats had decreased daily-MY at a rate of 18.4% and 31.9% at mid and late stages of lactation, compared with early stage, respectively (p=0.001). Furthermore, lactose% decreased significantly with progress of lactation (p=0.017). Total solids%, however, decreased significantly at early stage of lactation in comparison with mid and late stages (p=0.022). On the contrary, no significant differences were found in protein, fat and SNF percentages at different stages of lactation (p=0.836, 0.625 and 0.281, respectively). Serum glucose and total protein were significantly reduced at late stage of lactation in comparison with early and mid stages (p=0.001 and 0.001, respectively). On the contrary, no significant differences were found for erythrocytes count, hemoglobin, serum cholesterol, catalase and triiodothyronine at different stages of lactation. There were high and positive correlations between daily-MY and serum total protein (r=0.87, P<0.01) and triiodothyronine (r=0.41, P<0.01). However, negative estimates were reported between daily-MY and triglycerides (r=−0.55, P<0.01) and cholesterol (r=−0.33, P<0.05). Our results indicate that dairy Baladi goats produce milk with relatively stable protein, fat and solid not fat (SNF) contents at the different stages of lactation, encouraging the continuous utilization of their milk in processing. Also, dairy Baladi goats seem able to maintain the most vital biochemical parameters.

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El-Tarabany, M. S., El-Tarabany, A. A., & Roushdy, E. M. (2018). Impact of lactation stage on milk composition and blood biochemical and hematological parameters of dairy Baladi goats (Impacto de la etapa de lactancia en la composición de la leche y en los parámetros bioquímicos y hematológicos de las cabras lecheras Baladi). Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 25(8), 1632–1638. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SJBS.2016.08.003

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