The impact of neuropathic pain and other comorbidities on the quality of life in patients with diabetes

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Abstract

© Dermanovic Dobrota et al. Background: Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes and can exist with or without neuropathic pain. We were interested in how neuropathic pain impairs the quality of life in diabetic patients and what is the role of comorbidities in this condition. Methods: The study included 80 patients with painful DPN (group "P") and 80 patients with DPN, but without neuropathic pain (group "D"). Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Leeds assessment of neuropathic symptoms and signs (LANSS) pain scale were used for assessment of neuropathic pain, SF-36 standardized questionnaire for assessment of the quality of life and BDI questionnaire for assessment of depression. Results: Subjects in group P had statistically significantly lower values compared to group D in all 8 dimensions and both summary values of the SF-36 scale. We ascribe the extremely low results of all parameters of SF-36 scale in group P to painful diabetic polyneuropathy with its complications. The patients in group D showed higher average values in all dimension compared to group P, but also somewhat higher quality of life compared to general population of Croatia in 4 of 8 dimensions, namely vitality (VT), social functioning (SF), role-emotional (RE) and mental health (MH), which was unexpected result. Conclusion: Painful DPN is a major factor that influences various aspects of quality of life in diabetic patients. Additionally, this study gives an overview of diabetic population in the Republic of Croatia, information that could prove useful in future studies.

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Dermanovic Dobrota, V., Hrabac, P., Skegro, D., Smiljanic, R., Dobrota, S., Prkacin, I., … Basic Kes, V. (2014). The impact of neuropathic pain and other comorbidities on the quality of life in patients with diabetes. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12955-014-0171-7

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