Impact of plasma Lp-PLA2 activity on the progression of aortic stenosis: The PROGRESSA study

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the relationship between plasma lipoprotein- associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity and the progression rate of aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND We recently reported that Lp-PLA2 is highly expressed in stenotic aortic valves where it may contribute to the mineralization of valvular interstitial cells. METHODS Patients with AS were prospectively recruited in the PROGRESSA (Metabolic Determinants of the Progression of Aortic Stenosis) study. AS progression rate was assessed by annualized increase in peak aortic jet velocity (Vpeak), mean gradient (MG), and aortic valve area index (AVAi). Circulating Lp-PLA2 activity was measured and dichotomized based on the median value. RESULTS Of 183 patients included in this subanalysis of the PROGRESSA study, 70% were men and the mean age was 66 ± 13 years. Over the 2.5 ± 1.4 years of follow up, the AS progression rate tended to be higher in patients with high versus low Lp-PLA2 activity (annualized Vpeak = 0.17 ± 0.23 m/s vs. 0.12 ± 0.18 m/s; p = 0.14). There was a significant interaction (p < 0.05) between baseline AS severity and Lp-PLA2 activity with respect to impact on AS progression rate. In patients with mild AS (i.e., Vpeak <3 m/s; n = 123), increased Lp-PLA2 activity was associated with a significantly faster AS progression rate (Vpeak 0.16 ± 0.18 m/s vs. 0.09 0.14 m/s; p = 0.01) but not in patients with moderate or severe AS (p = 0.99). After adjustment for other risk factors, increased Lp-PLA2 activity remained independently associated with faster AS progression rate (p = 0.005) in the former subset. CONCLUSIONS There was no significant association between plasma Lp-PLA2 activity or mass and stenosis progression in the whole cohort. However, increased Lp-PLA2 activity was associated with a faster stenosis progression rate in the subset of patients with mild AS. These findings provide an impetus for the elaboration of a randomized trial targeting Lp-PLA2 activity in patients with early stages of calcific aortic valve disease.

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Capoulade, R., Mahmut, A., Tastet, L., Arsenault, M., Bédard, É., Dumesnil, J. G., … Pibarot, P. (2015). Impact of plasma Lp-PLA2 activity on the progression of aortic stenosis: The PROGRESSA study. JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, 8(1), 26–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2014.09.016

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