Increased photocatalytic activity in Ru(II),Rh(III) supramolecular bimetallic complexes with terminal ligand substitution

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Abstract

Three new Ru(II),Rh(III) supramolecular bimetallic complexes of the design [(Ph2phen)2Ru(dpp)RhCl2(R2-bpy)](PF6)3(R = CH3(Ru-Rh(Me2bpy)), H (Ru-Rh(bpy)), or COOCH3(Ru-Rh(dmeb)); Ph2phen = 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline; dpp = 2,3-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine; dmeb = 4,4′-dimethyl ester-2,2′-bipyridine; bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine; Me2bpy = 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine) have been synthesized and analyzed to determine the impact that the polypyridyl terminal ligand (TL) coordinated to the cis-dihalide rhodium(III) metal center has on the photocatalytic activity for water reduction. The bimetallic complexes demonstrate that a correlation exists between the σ-donating ability of the substituted bipyridine ligand, the rate of chloride dissociation upon electrochemical reduction and the activity towards photocatalytic hydrogen production. The weaker σ-donating –COOCH3substituent in Ru-Rh(dmeb) increases the rate constant for Cl−dissociation (k−Cl = 0.7 s−1) and the amount of H2produced photocatalytically (37 ± 4 μmol H2, 63 ± 7 turnovers after 20 h; turnovers = mol H2/mol photocatalyst) when compared to –H and –CH3substituted complexes Ru-Rh(bpy) (k−Cl = 0.2 s−1, 21 ± 2 μmol H2, 35 ± 3 turnovers) and Ru-Rh(Me2bpy) (k−Cl = 0.2 s−1, 18 ± 2 μmol H2, 30 ± 4 turnovers), respectively. Varied catalytic activity with respect to the σ-donor capacity of the Rh-TL is attributed to the relative ease of ligand dissociation and the ability to afford rapid electron collection at the Rh metal center.

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Sayre, H. J., White, T. A., & Brewer, K. J. (2017). Increased photocatalytic activity in Ru(II),Rh(III) supramolecular bimetallic complexes with terminal ligand substitution. Inorganica Chimica Acta, 454, 89–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ica.2016.06.020

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