Grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems usually include a line transformer in their power conversion stage. This transformer guarantees galvanic isolation between the grid and the PV system, thus providing personal protection and avoiding leakage currents between the PV system and the ground. Furthermore, it also ensures that no continuous current is injected into the grid. However, because of its low frequency (50 Hz), the transformer is big, heavy and expensive. As an alternative to the grid-connected PV systems with line transformer, new transformerless inverter topologies are being studied. If no transformer is used, a galvanic connection between the grid and the PV array exists. In these conditions, leakage currents due to the capacitance between the photovoltaic array and earth could occur and increase the electromagnetic emissions. To avoid these leakage currents, it is necessary to use inverter topologies that avoid commonmode voltages. In this paper, a new transformerless singlephase PV inverter with six IGBTs and one diode is proposed. This topology generates no common-mode voltage and has a higher efficiency than the existing topologies. The topology has been validated by simulation.
Wan, S. K. m., & Kumaraswamy, M. M. (2009). Industrial management approaches for improving material control in building services works. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 16(3), 208–223. https://doi.org/10.1108/09699980910951636