Estimation of distribution algorithms (EDAs) are a quite recent topic in optimization techniques. They combine two technical disciplines of soft computing methodologies: probabilistic reasoning and evolutionary computing. Several algorithms and approaches have already been proposed by different authors, but up to now there are very few papers showing their potential and comparing them to other evolutionary computational methods and algorithms such as genetic algorithms (GAs). This paper focuses on the problem of inexact graph matching which is NP-hard and requires techniques to find an approximate acceptable solution. This problem arises when a nonbijective correspondence is searched between two graphs. A typical instance of this problem corresponds to the case where graphs are used for structural pattern recognition in images. EDA algorithms are well suited for this type of problems. This paper proposes to use EDA algorithms as a new approach for inexact graph matching. Also, two adaptations of the EDA approach to problems with constraints are described as two techniques to control the generation of individuals, and the performance of EDAs for inexact graph matching is compared with the one of GAs. © 2002 Pattern Recognition Society. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bengoetxea, E., Larraaga, P., Bloch, I., Perchant, A., & Boeres, C. (2002). Inexact graph matching by means of estimation of distribution algorithms. Pattern Recognition, 35(12), 2867–2880. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-3203(01)00232-1