Staphylococcus aureus intramammary colonization of the mouse mammary gland induces migration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) similar to that observed during bovine mastitis. In the present study, a method combining acridine orange staining, fluorescence microscopy and computer-assisted image analysis has been developed to quantitate PMN infiltration in a mouse model of mastitis. This was carried out using paraffin embedded sections, and using this method, we showed that the presence of PMNs increased with the number of bacteria present in tissues. Nearly 400 and 1100 times more PMNs were counted in the mammary gland tissue after 12 and 24 h of infection, respectively, compared to mice infected for 6 h. Treatment with the antibiotic cephapirin at 10 or 25 mg/kg reduced PMN infiltration by 71 and 85%, respectively. In conclusion, this method can be used to quantitate PMN infiltration as a marker of inflammation and bacterial burden in infected tissue sections. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Brouillette, E., Grondin, G., Talbot, B. G., & Malouin, F. (2005). Inflammatory cell infiltration as an indicator of Staphylococcus aureus infection and therapeutic efficacy in experimental mouse mastitis. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 104(3–4), 163–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2004.11.006