The influence of tibial positioning on the diagnostic accuracy of combined posterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral rotatory instability of the knee.

ISSN: 20054408
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: To determine if tibial positioning affects the external rotation of the tibia in a dial test for posterolateral rotatory instability combined with posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries. METHODS: Between April 2007 and October 2007, 16 patients with a PCL tear and posterolateral rotatory instability were diagnosed using a dial test. The thigh-foot angle was measured at both 30 degrees and 90 degrees of knee flexion with an external rotation stress applied to the tibia in 2 different positions (reduction and posterior subluxation). The measurements were performed twice by 2 orthopedic surgeons. RESULTS: In posterior subluxation, the mean side-to-side difference in the thigh-foot angle was 11.56 +/- 3.01 degrees at 30 degrees of knee flexion and 11.88 +/- 4.03 degrees at 90 degrees of knee flexion. In the sequential dial test performed with the tibia reduced, the mean side-to-side difference was 15.94 +/- 4.17 degrees (p < 0.05) at 30 degrees of knee flexion and 16.88 +/- 4.42 degrees (p = 0.001) at 90 degrees of knee flexion. The mean tibial external rotation was 5.31 +/- 2.86 degrees and 6.87 +/- 3.59 degrees higher in the reduced position than in the posterior subluxation at both 30 degrees and 90 degrees of knee flexion. CONCLUSIONS: In the dial test, reducing the tibia with an anterior force increases the ability of an examiner to detect posterolateral rotary instability of the knee combined with PCL injuries.

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APA

Jung, Y. B., Nam, C. H., Jung, H. J., Lee, Y. S., & Ko, Y. B. (2009). The influence of tibial positioning on the diagnostic accuracy of combined posterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral rotatory instability of the knee. Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery, 1(2), 68–73.

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