We have previously demonstrated that human recombinant soluble melanotransferrin (hr-sMTf) interacts with the single-chain zymogen pro urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA) and plasminogen. In the present work, the impact of exogenous hr-sMTf on endothelial cells (EC) migration and morphogenic differentiation into capillary-like structures (tubulogenesis) was assessed. hr-sMTF at 10 nM inhibited by 50% the migration and tubulogenesis of human microvessel EC (HMEC-1). In addition, in hr-sMTf-treated HMEC-1, the expression of both urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (u-PAR) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) are down-regulated. However, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis revealed a 25% increase in cell surface u-PAR in hr-sMTf-treated HMEC-1, whereas the binding of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA)•plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) complex is decreased. This reduced u-PA-PAI-1 binding is correlated with a strong inhibition of the HMEC-1 plasminolytic activity, indicating that exogenous hr-sMTf treatment alters the internalization and recycling processes of free and active u-PAR at the cellular surface. Overall, these results demonstrate that exogenous hr-sMTf affects plasminogen activation at the cell surface, thus leading to the inhibition of EC movement and tubulogenesis. These results are the first to consider the potential use of hr-sMTf as a possible therapeutic agent in angiogenesis-related pathologies. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Michaud-Levesque, J., Rolland, Y., Demeule, M., Bertrand, Y., & Béliveau, R. (2005). Inhibition of endothelial cell movement and tubulogenesis by human recombinant soluble melanotransferrin: Involvement of the u-PAR/LRP plasminolytic system. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1743(3), 243–253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2004.10.010