In Lithuania, all spent nuclear fuel (SNF) resulted from the operation of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP), which had two Russian Acronym for “Channelized Large Power Reactor”-type reactors. After the final shutdown, the total amount of SNF at the INPP was approximately 22,000 fuel assemblies. All these assemblies will be stored for about 50 years and disposed of after that. The decision to shut down and decommission both reactors in Lithuania before termination of design period raises a significant challenge for the treatment of accumulated SNF. Therefore, various techniques and technologies for SNF management were developed and justified for that specific case, and a set of special equipment was installed at the INPP, the effectiveness of which was demonstrated during its operation. This article presents unique techniques related to the management of SNF adopted and commissioned at the INPP after its operation shutdown, namely fuel rod cladding leak tightness control system and special equipment for collection of possible spillage during handling of SNF assembly in the hot cell. The operational experience and measurement results of fuel rod cladding leak tightness control system are presented.
Babilas, E., Dokucajev, P., Janulevičius, D., Markelov, A., Pabarčius, R., Rimkevičius, S., … Vaišnoras, M. (2018). Innovative technologies for spent fuel safe management at Ignalina channel-type reactors. Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 50(3), 504–511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.net.2018.01.011