Now a days, achieving safe and environmentally sound Solid Waste Management system is a serious problem, because Solid Waste Disposal sites are found on the out skirts of the urban areas, turning in to the major causes of environmental problems, resulting in surface and ground water pollution, land degradation, affecting soil quality and etc. Furthermore, those sites are becoming the source of contamination due to the incubation and proliferation of flies, rodents, mosquitoes; that in turn, are disease transmitters that affect population’s health. What to do with solid wastes has long troubled governments, communities, and individuals. Therefore, this study was designed and conducted to assess the institutional and community awareness on the environmental impact of solid waste management practice, and to determine its role, in Shambu town of Horo Guduru Wellega Zone, Oromia Region. Data were collected from 280 randomly selected sampled households using open ended and close ended questionnaires, and from purposively selected key informants using semi structured interview. In order to support and realize the data obtained from sample respondents, observation using check lists also conducted. The result of the study shows; Food waste and their packaging as a major type of solid waste of the study area, Residential sources as a major source of the dominant types of solid wastes of Shambu town, the prevalence of environmentally un advisable disposal system such as open dumping and open burning, lack of solid waste collection materials, financial problems as major factors affecting the value of community and institutional awareness and the solid waste management systems of the study area. The study also noted the poor and uncontrolled Solid Waste Management of the study area caused serious environmental and health problems, and made the town to have smelly and ugly appearance. The study concludes that Solid Waste Management system of the study area should be changed and needs to apply the principle of Integrated Sustainable Solid Waste Management System. Therefore, the study finally recommended the solution measures required to be taken including the provision of sufficiently available and properly located solid waste disposal sites, provision of solid waste collection materials, working in collaboration with all stake holders, local NGO’s and private sectors, use of alternative environmentally safe solid waste disposals to replace the present disposal systems, in order to make the solid waste management system effective and to minimize its effects on the environment and residents.
Tsega, A. F. (2013). Institutional and community awareness on the environmental impact of solid waste management practice: The case of Shambu town, in Horo Guduru Wellega zone, Oromia regional state.