Trichosanthin (TCS) is a toxic protein isolated from a Chinese herbal medicine, the root tuber of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maximowicz of the Curcurbitaceae family. It is now used in China to terminate early and mid-trimester pregnancies. The ribosome inactivating property is thought to be account for its toxicity; it can inactivate the eukaryotic ribosome through its RNA N-glycosidase activity. The interactions of TCS with biological membrane is thought to be essential for its physiological effect, for it must get across the membrane before it can enter the cytoplasm and exert its RIP function. In the present work, the interaction of TCS with supported phospholipid monolayers is studied by surface plasmon resonance. The results show that electrostatic forces dominate the interaction between TCS and negatively charged phospholipid containing membranes under acid condition and that both the pH value and the ionic strength can influence its binding. It is proposed that, besides electrostatic forces, hydrophobic interaction may also be involved in the binding process. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
Lu, Y. J., Xia, X. F., & Sui, S. fang. (2001). The interaction of trichosanthin with supported phospholipid membranes studied by surface plasmon resonance. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, 1512(2), 308–316. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-2736(01)00334-0