Interleukin-12 gene adjuvant increases the immunogenicity of virus-like particles of human papillomavirus type 16 regional variant strain

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Abstract

Objectives: To analyze the immunogenicity of virus-like particles (VLP) of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) isolated in East China and the adjuvant potential of interleukin-12 (IL-12). Methods: The variant HPV16 L1VLP expressed in sf9 insect cells were purified with cesium chloride gradient centrifugation. BALB/c mice were vaccinated with VLP (L1N), VLP with Freund's adjuvant (L1A) or VLP with IL-12 recombinant plasmid (L1P). HPV16 VLP specific IgG and IFN-γ level in the serum were detected by ELISA, and the percentage of CD4 + and CD8 + in spleen cells was detected with flow cytometry. Results: The titers of serum IgG antibodies in vaccinated groups were higher than in negative control and the serum antibodies mainly recognized conformation-dependent HPV16 VLP epitopes. Splenic CD4 + and CD8 + T cell subsets increased after vaccination in every experimental group, and CD8 + increased obviously in L1P group. The ratio of CD4 + /CD8 + decreased in L1P group and increased in the other two groups, compared to control group. Vaccination induced specific secretion of IFN-γ in the serum of vaccinated group (p<0.05), especially in the L1P group. Conclusions: VLP of HPV16 variant strain isolated in East China could induce humoral immunity and cellular immunity in mice, and IL-12 recombinant plasmid can enhance cellular immunity. © 2014 .

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Wei, L., Chu, M., Zhang, Q., Wang, Y., Shang, Q., Zhang, Y., & Zhang, G. (2014). Interleukin-12 gene adjuvant increases the immunogenicity of virus-like particles of human papillomavirus type 16 regional variant strain. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 18(1), 65–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjid.2013.05.015

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