The objective of this study was to investigate the patency in saphenous vein coronary bypass grafts in which the proximal anastomoses were performed with automatic connector devices or with a traditional suture technique. Forty-six patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass by using one thoracic graft and one or more saphenous vein grafts. Grafts were attached to the aorta with a Symmetry connector (St Jude Medical, Inc, St Paul, Minn) in 23 patients, and partial occlusion of the aorta and sutured anastomoses were used in 23 other patients. Grafts were studied intraoperatively with transit time flowmetry and angiography and revised if necessary. Angiography was repeated after 3 to 5 months. Intraoperative graft patency did not differ between the 2 groups. Follow-up angiography demonstrated excellent thoracic graft patency. Vein graft patency decreased to 50% in the Symmetry group, whereas it was 90% in the suture group (P =. 01). Twenty-five percent of the Symmetry grafts had significant stenosis in the connector. Saphenous vein grafts anastomosed to aorta with the Symmetry proximal connector have low intermediate patency compared with those with traditionally sutured anastomoses. We do not recommend the routine use of this device in coronary artery bypass operations.
Bergsland, J., Hol, P. K., Lings, P. S., Lundblad, R., Rein, K. A., Andersen, R., … Fosse, E. (2004). Intraoperative and intermediate-term angiographic results of coronary artery bypass surgery with Symmetry proximal anastomotic device. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 128(5), 718–723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2004.07.001