Kinetic, mechanistic, and spectroscopic studies of permanganate oxidation of azinylformamidines in acidic medium, with autocatalytic behavior of manganese(II) Spectroscopic studies of permanganate oxidation of azinylformamidines

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Abstract

The kinetics of permanganate oxidation of two substituted azinylformamidines (Azn-Fs), namely N,N-dimethyl-N′-(pyridin-2-yl)formamidine (Py) and N,N-dimethyl-N′-(pyrimidin-2-yl)formamidine (Pym), in sulfuric acid were investigated using conventional spectrophotometry. Kinetic evidence for the formation of 1:1 intermediate complexes between the oxidant and substrates was obtained. The reactions of both substrates with permanganate showed similar kinetics, i.e. first order in [MnO 4− ] 0 and fractional-first-order with respect to both [Azn-F] 0 and [H + ]. The initial product, Mn 2+ , was found to autocatalyze the oxidation process. Changes in the ionic strength and dielectric constant of the medium had no significant effect on the rate. The final oxidation products of Py and Pym were identified as 2-aminopyridine and 2-aminopyrimidine, respectively, in addition to dimethylamine and carbon dioxide. A plausible reaction mechanism is suggested and the reaction constants involved in the mechanism were evaluated.

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Asghar, B. H., & Fawzy, A. (2016). Kinetic, mechanistic, and spectroscopic studies of permanganate oxidation of azinylformamidines in acidic medium, with autocatalytic behavior of manganese(II) Spectroscopic studies of permanganate oxidation of azinylformamidines. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 20(5), 561–569. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jscs.2014.12.001

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