This work reports the construction of a fast, disposable, and label-free immunosensor for the determination of atrazine. The immunosensor is based on a field effect transistor (FET) where a network of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) acts as the conductor channel, constituting carbon nanotubes field effect transistors (CNTFETs). Anti-atrazine antibodies were adsorbed onto the SWCNTs and subsequently the SWCNTs were protected with Tween 20 to prevent the non-specific binding of bacteria or proteins. The principle of the immunoreaction consists in the direct adsorption of atrazine specific antibodies (anti-atrazine) to SWCNTs networks. After exposed to increasing concentrations of atrazine, the CNTFETs could be used as useful label-free platforms to detect atrazine. Under the optimal conditions, a limit of detection as low as 0.001 ng mL-1 was obtained, which is lower than that of other methods for the atrazine detection, and in a working range between 0.001 and 10 ng mL-1. The average recoveries obtained for real water samples spiked with atrazine varied from 87.3% to 108.0%. The results show that the constructed sensors display a high sensitivity and could be useful tools for detecting pesticides like atrazine at low concentrations. They could be also applied to the determination of atrazine in environmental aqueous samples, such as seawater and riverine water.
Belkhamssa, N., Justino, C. I. L., Santos, P. S. M., Cardoso, S., Lopes, I., Duarte, A. C., … Ksibi, M. (2016). Label-free disposable immunosensor for detection of atrazine. Talanta, 146, 430–434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2015.09.015