Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Every year, 20 million babies are born with low birthweight (LBW), about 96% of which occur in low-income countries. Despite the associated dangers, in about 40%-50% of PTB and LBW cases, the causes remain unexplained. Existing evidence is inconclusive as to whether occupational physical activities such as heavy lifting are implicated. African women bear the transport burden of accessing basic needs for their families. Ghana's PTB rate is 14.5%, whereas the global average is 9.6%. The proposed liftless intervention aims to decrease lifting exposure during pregnancy among Ghanaian women. We hypothesize that a reduction in heavy lifting among pregnant women in Ghana will increase gestational age and birthweight.
Kwegyir-Afful, E., Verbeek, J., Aziato, L., Seffah, J. D., & Räsänen, K. (2018, August 1). A liftless intervention to prevent preterm birth and low birthweight among pregnant ghanaian women: Protocol of a stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research. Journal of Medical Internet Research. https://doi.org/10.2196/10095