The process of cellulose and lignin extraction from Vietnam’s rice straw without paraffin pretreatment was proposed to improve economic efficiency and reduce environmental pollution. Treatment of the rice straw with ultrasonic irradiation for 30 min increased yields of lignin separation from 72.8% to 84.7%. In addition, the extraction time was reduced from 2.5 h to 1.5 h when combined with ultrasonic irradiation for the same extraction yields. Results from modern analytical methods of FT-IR, SEM, EDX, TG-DTA, and GC-MS indicated that lignin obtained by ultrasound-assisted alkaline treatment method had a high purity and showed a higher molecular weight than that of lignin extracted from rice straw without ultrasonic irradiation. The lignin and cellulose which were extracted from rice straw showed higher thermal stability with 5% degradation at a temperature of over 230°C. The ultrasonic-assisted alkaline extraction method was recommended for lignin and cellulose extraction from Vietnam’s rice straw.
Dinh Vu, N., Thi Tran, H., Bui, N. D., Duc Vu, C., & Viet Nguyen, H. (2017). Lignin and Cellulose Extraction from Vietnam’s Rice Straw Using Ultrasound-Assisted Alkaline Treatment Method. International Journal of Polymer Science, 2017, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1063695