Background: Histamine is metabolized mainly by histamine N-methyltransferase (HMT) to Nτ-methylhistamine in human nasal mucosa. Human HMT cDNA has been cloned and expressed in COS cells. The purpose of this study was to determine the localization of HMT mRNA in human nasal mucosa. Methods: The fragment (nucleotide residues 430-1055) of human HMT cDNA was subcloned in a Bluescript vector (Stratagene, La Jolla, Calif.), and HMT sense and anti-sense RNA probes were made with T7 and T3 RNA polymerases. In situ hybridization with digoxigenin-labeled RNA probes was performed on surgical specimens of human nasal turbinates. Results: HMT mRNA was localized in cells in the epithelium and submucosa, and densely in endothelial cells of vessels. No HMT mRNA was identified in the submucosal glands. The presence of HMT mRNA was confirmed by Northern blot analysis, and HMT activities were also detected in nasal mucosa. Conclusion: Our study indicates that endothelium expresses HMT mRNA, whereas cells in the epithelium and submucosa, which remain unidentified, are an additional source of HMT mRNA. (J ALLERGY CLIN IMMUNOL 1995;95:96-102.). © 1995 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Okayama, M., Yamauchi, K., Sekizawa, K., Okayama, H., Sasaki, H., Inamura, N., … Shirato, K. (1995). Localization of histamine N-methyltransferase messenger RNA in human nasal mucosa. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 95(1–2), 96–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0091-6749(95)70157-5